About illegal immigration

The term illegal immigration applies to individuals who migrate and cross international borders illegally so that a person moves from his country of origin to another country in which he is not allowed to live, in which she is not a citizen or even a resident, which carries the risk of applying certain penalties to it. Like confiscation, deportation, or other various penalties, illegal immigration from poor countries to more developed rich countries, is usually due to individuals' desire to improve their financial situation.

Causes of illegal immigration

The main motive for the widespread illegal immigration phenomenon is the increasing pressure on immigration in general, with restrictive policies that limit the migration of people to other countries legally, and the reasons for that. Illegal immigration emerges by looking at two important causes; These are: the pull factors that prevail in the country to which they are to immigrate, and the factors specific to the country of origin of the individual, and each of these factors is explained below.

Expulsion factors

The deportation factors that lead to illegal immigration are represented by several reasons, which are as follows:

Economic reasons: Economic conditions are among the most important reasons that lead to illegal immigration and are represented by the lack of job opportunities, low wages, low economic level, the standard of living and standard of services in countries of origin of migrants, which leads individuals to search for work opportunities in other countries and to seek that, even if that is. By resorting to illegal immigration.

Political and religious reasons: The decline and deterioration of the political situation in several countries contribute to the emergence of illegal immigration among its members, and this manifests itself in several forms, including religious persecution, instability in these countries, and the spread of political unrest.

Social reasons: The social reasons that lead to illegal immigration are weak or lack of social and family ties, incompatibility with customs and traditions, or the existence of discrimination and discrimination between different groups of society, and anyone can migrate because of the presence of his relatives in these countries, or family reunification if one of them is He resides in the country he wishes to immigrate to legally, while others reside in another country, so he may be forced to enter his family into the country in which he resides illegally. This is because family reunification visas can be limited in number and duration, which would not allow them to enter the country legally.

overcrowding: Overpopulation can lead to people leaving their overcrowded country of origin illegally to other countries, due to problems caused by overpopulation and population growth that exceeds the carrying capacity of the country; Poverty, pollution, lack of water, etc.


  • The attractions behind illegal immigration are:
  • High wages for workers in the country to which they immigrated.
  • Raise the standard of living in countries that are attractive to immigrants.
  • Better social and health services in attractive countries than in one's country of origin.
  • Giving more freedom to individuals in the countries they wish to immigrate to.

 Ways to fight illegal immigration

Illegal migration is one of the social phenomena whose dimensions negatively affect the countries of origin and destination of immigrants, and for this reason, some countries have put in place some means that help reduce, deal with, confront and prevent illegal immigration.

International processing mechanisms:

  1. Illegal immigration is one of the global phenomena that cannot be eliminated easily. For this reason, international efforts must be united to be able to control issues related to this phenomenon, during the implementation of treaties and agreements. Regional and international.
  2.  Building security barriers at the land and sea borders, and monitoring them more strictly, to prevent the illegal entry of migrants.
  3.  State police arrest and detain illegal immigrants and those without official papers, then return them to their countries of origin, in addition to arresting people who help them illegally cross the country's borders. country.
  4.  Employers refrain from employing migrants until they verify that they have legal documents that allow them to reside in the country.
  5. Inform the authorities responsible for illegal immigrants who commit violations in the country, such as destroying property or assaulting people