Types of migration

Immigration often focuses on work and employment. Such as the migration of technical workers and other forms of employment to countries that can provide suitable job opportunities with a fairly high income, as individuals move to other countries to reside there for a certain time or reside there permanently, and it should be noted that immigration has great benefits. To receiving countries in several ways. Socially, economically and culturally, it should be noted that there are several types of migration that can be classified according to the following criteria:


[Where to go.

 The will of those who want to emigrate.

 Time needed.


Location-based migration

 Migration can be classified, depending on where a person moves to, into two types, namely internal migration and external migration, [2] and the following describes a description of each:

Internal migration

Internal migration is defined as the movement of individuals from one place to another within the borders of the state, and it can be divided into several types, as follows:

Migration from the countryside to the cities. This type of migration appeared in the second half of the twentieth century and turned into a widespread phenomenon, as it included various countries of the world.

 Immigration from one state to another state within the same state or province to another; In this type of migration, the migrant travels a small distance to reach another region or country.

 Many factors lead to internal migration, and the size of the country is one of the most important. With the increase in internal migration with the increase in the size and area of ​​the country, the difference in its geography, and whether it is multi-regional, is among the most important examples of internal migration in the world known in the modern era:

Internal migration in the former Soviet Union and internal migration in the United States of America.


Foreign immigration

 External migration is one of the most common types of human migration, and it is defined as the movement of one or more individuals from one country to another, and the size of the phenomenon external migration, or the so-called international migration, increases over time, which leads to an increase in its complexity and its effects on countries, and we can consider that it has become a feature Distinctive of the modern world and its leadership towards globalization.

Many factors lead to emigration, the most important of which are:

Economic factors: represented in the search for better job opportunities.

 Cultural factors: caused by the flight of religious or ethnic persecution.

Environmental factors: represented in the desire to live in a place characterized by climatic and topographical diversity, in line with the aspirations of individuals wishing to migrate.

 Migration based on the will Migration can be classified according to the will of the person wishing to emigrate into two types: voluntary or voluntary migration and forced or forced migration, and the following is a description of each of them. With them:

Voluntary migration is defined as the voluntary migration that takes place based on the free choice and free will of the individual; When the individual moves from his place of residence to another place for various reasons, and this is done after studying the factors available in the country to which he wishes to emigrate that attract him to immigration, known as withdrawal factors, and the factors that push him to leave his place of residence, known as the payment factors, and compare them with each other and then The decision to migrate is made and the desire is prepared. Improving an individual's economic situation through access to better job opportunities is one of the most important factors that push him to voluntary migration, in addition to many reasons, including the following:

A change in a person's life path, such as marriage or retirement.

 State policy, for example, immigration to a country that allows civil marriage.

 The individual character is his desire to migrate from the countryside to the city to enjoy the benefits of the city.


 Forced migration is defined as involuntary or forced migration as migration in which an individual or group of individuals is forced to flee their homes and leave their place of residence to escape events that threaten their safety and security. Life and moving to other places are safer. Among the most prominent examples of individuals who have been subjected to forced migration, and many reasons lead to forced migration, the most important of which are:

Wars.

Political and religious persecution.

 natural disasters.

 smuggling.

 Environmental displacement.

 Migration over time Migration can be classified according to the time required for migration into two types, permanent and temporary migration, and a description of each of them appears as follows:

Permanent migration is defined as the movement of individuals from their place of residence and leaving them permanently without returning there, moving to another place, and settling there. Therefore, with this type of migration comes a complete change that encompasses all aspects of immigrants' lives.

Temporary migration is defined as temporary migration as the movement of individuals from their place of residence to another place permanently; Where a time for a migration is determined and ends with the end of the purpose for which the migration was carried out, and the so-called returning migrants are associated with this type of migration; These are immigrants linked to their country of origin through social, economic or other ties, which makes them return to their country of origin from time to time, and many reasons lead to temporary immigration, among which are the most important:

To get a job.

Study of Arabic.

 tourism.

 Visits.

Religious exchange.

Cultural exchange.

 Complete business activities.